Apr 4, 2011 at 12:07 pm #1271699
We have a couple of days rain here so i thought i would stick my tent [.5oz material] out again ,see what happens. Lots of condensation this morning and some drops on the inside, so to distinguish between condensation and possible leaks i cleaned off the haze and left it for a while. I have a few leaks, which i will attribute to some errors in constuction,[ use of stickum and marking pens] which resulted in some heavy rubbing of some areas. In the photos below inside drops appear bright around the edges. However! all other areas are leak free after 24 hrs in the rain, there were no drips, instead all drops ran down to the edges. This material has been folded stuffed many times,
this is a shot of the leak free area;
Now an interesting discovery, i happen to be waterproofing the new skin of my ultralight kayak using Proform urethane clearcoat. As an experiment i brushed some on a piece of lightest cuben, heat dried it, seems to be a perfect match, cant't scape it off or wrinkle it off. Hmmm.Apr 5, 2011 at 10:13 am #1720302
"i happen to be waterproofing the new skin of my ultralight kayak"
I'd like to talk to you about this, because I happen to be building a Baidarka right now (with Corey Freedman from Spirit Lines and Skinboat.org)Apr 5, 2011 at 10:59 am #1720324
Tyson, fire away , though i might not be the best person to talk to as i am an experimeter, I end up with a boat for the very brave, although it suits my very modest kayaking ambitions.
Like i say i am using an automotive 2 part urethane clearcoat [Proform ,CDN, i think] have used their stuff on my car projects always with great success. Last year i tried multiple thin coats, this time its 3 heavy ones ,working great. For the bottom of the hull i found that Lepage polyurethane window sealant dissolved in acetone works great, tough as hell [ i test by rubbing a piece against a pointy rock].
I'm using 7oz polyester from Dyson's by the way, i suspect the nylon is tougher ,i poked a hole in it last year with just the clearcoat on the bottom, hence the Lepage this time. I also found it expands a bit then wet.Apr 5, 2011 at 2:57 pm #1720503
You guys have any recommendations for water-based urethanes?
Thanks for the Photos Ziff. We need to see more real world tests like this. Instrument testing is fine, but there needs to be a real world derivation for it to be meaningful. The Cuben that I am putting through crumple tests looks like yours and is doing fine also, although it is more a pack weight.Apr 5, 2011 at 3:06 pm #1720507
@ngatelLocale: Southern California
You have been playing with cuben for years, but have not brought anything to market. Is it just educational or do you see something you might use? I have some cuben gear, but do not have a lot confidence it its durability, and use it carefully. As a tarp, it was worked well.Apr 5, 2011 at 4:21 pm #1720550
@jamesdmarcoLocale: Finger Lakes
Hi guys. I build canoes and was also thinking about a skin on frame boat. However, I rejected the Cuben material because neither varnish nor epoxy really sticks to it. As I understand it, it is primarily a HDPE materieal reinforced internally with PET fibers(dynema.) Neither of which bonds all that well with the plastics.Apr 5, 2011 at 4:31 pm #1720561
It's just a matter of time. I was too brutal on it in my first tests years ago. I'm fascinated by the fabric, and, as many people know, it makes pretty amazing tarps. There are still misunderstandings about it, which have led to this controversy. I look forward to whatever applications I will use it for. One of the biggest barriers for me has been learning to speak Cuben. I hated taking foreign languages in school!Apr 5, 2011 at 4:50 pm #1720575
I'll be using ballistic nylon, with a urethane coating, for my Baidarka… What wood(s) are you building your canoes with?Apr 5, 2011 at 7:01 pm #1720667
Tyson, my boat is carbon fiber tubes, as i say very experimental. I wanted something to pack into lakes and i wanted to see if weight would trump drag [ it didn't very much] as once on a trip someone with a very lightly packed boat was able to go like stink. One of the top spares snapped last year when i was practicing a paddle float rescue, it had all my weight plus the leverage of the paddle across it, BANG! So i reskinned it this winter , adding a reinforced filament wound tube at the break.
Dan,James , i think a rowing cat , something like the fishing ones could be made with bubblewrap/cuben floats, carbon frame. easy to carry, more stable than a kayak. Lots of $ though.Apr 5, 2011 at 7:05 pm #1720671
the way the tent has been outside in the rainnow for 2 days lots of rain off and on. After a certain point waterproof is just waterproof and further testing is pointless.Apr 6, 2011 at 7:11 pm #1721162
made you look…haha
So Dan when are you going to make a cuben pack?Apr 6, 2011 at 8:23 pm #1721194
Who said anything about packs? HaHa. That reminds me though, I think I'll dig a couple out and see what they weigh. It was so long ago it seems.Apr 7, 2011 at 8:53 am #1721373
You may want to check out this.
Call Corey and talk to him.
Cheers.Apr 7, 2011 at 9:16 am #1721384
are beautifull boats, i'm too much a weight weeny.Apr 7, 2011 at 10:18 am #1721423
"i'm too much a weight weeny."
Sure, but for sea kayaking… it doesn't get much lighter than these! These babies are ocean worthy! I can't wait until mine is done… I've only completed the bow, stern, and gunnels…Apr 7, 2011 at 12:24 pm #1721500
@ckrusorLocale: Northwest US
James, I considered a cuben skin boat, also, but abandoned the idea a couple of years ago when evidence began to accumulate that the material has a pinhole problem. It's actually PE (UHMWPE) fibers between sheets of PET film, and polyester film fatigues with flexion. If you cut a piece out of a polyester water bottle, fold it, and flex it repeatedly along the fold, it will turn white and eventually fail at points along the fold. Not all plastics do this. This is the reason, I think, that Richard Nisley has observed leakage through aged (creased) cuben samples.
We can see in Richard's micrographs that the cuben reinforcement layer is full of bubbles between the fibers. At these points there is no interlaminar adhesive, only a tiny air space between the two sheets of film. After some crumpling, each sheet of film gets riddled with tiny fissures, and I think leaks occur when two pinholes occur over the same interlaminar air bubble.
These pinholes are too small to be important for shelters, in my opinion. I agree with those who have said that real-world performance matters more than hydrostatic head in this case. For shelter materials, since condensation usually occurs anyway, a small amount of leakage in no way compromises the function of the shelter. But we're never going to see a successful cuben packraft, canoe, kayak, or inflatable sleeping pad, I'm afraid.Apr 7, 2011 at 12:33 pm #1721504
"These pinholes are too small to be important for shelters, in my opinion. I agree with those who have said that real-world performance matters more than hydrostatic head in this case. For shelter materials, since condensation usually occurs anyway, a small amount of leakage in no way compromises the function of the shelter. But we're never going to see a successful cuben packraft, canoe, kayak, or inflatable sleeping pad, I'm afraid."
I feel the same way.
What are you using for your skin? Also, what is your frame material? I'm always interested to see different designs/ideas, regarding SOF boats…Apr 7, 2011 at 12:41 pm #1721511
Thanks for that lead Tyson, it's much appreciated.Apr 7, 2011 at 12:51 pm #1721523
@retiredjerryLocale: Oregon and Washington
Maybe Cuben isn't appropriate for floors?Apr 7, 2011 at 1:07 pm #1721535
@ckrusorLocale: Northwest US
Tyson, I actually never got very far along in that project. I originally had a plan to use wrapped s-glass composite tubing for the frame and cuben skin, and I modified that to coated nylon skin, but all of that, and many other things, fell by the wayside when I went to grad school.Apr 7, 2011 at 1:11 pm #1721537
Dan, no problem. Feel free to pick Corey's brain. He's been dealing with SOF boats for a long time. He's brilliant. He collects all his wood (yellow and red cedar) from the forests around here – usually stumps and fallen tress. He moved to Anacortes specifically for the wood. In his opinion, it's the best wood to use for SOF boats. He naturally ages and dries all his wood and cuts everything with the grains and ends up with phenomenal pieces of wood to work with. (He uses a bandsaw from 1905 to cut most his pieces) After everything is cut and sanded down to shape and size, he coats the wood with 100% limonene (imported from Florida) and 100% tung oil (imported from Brazil) blend. The entire frame is held together with artificial sinew (nylon) and bamboo pegs (cut to size from chopsticks) – that's it.
I'm getting a little crazy on describing everything he does, but I find it incredibly fascinating.
Full disclosure: I'm hooked.
Anyways, all that to say, he's set his mind to making some of the best Bairdarkas in the world, imho. I paddled one of his boats he made over 10 years ago… all original… no seat…sat directly on the floor…and it still paddled like a gem.Apr 7, 2011 at 4:12 pm #1721643
@brendansLocale: Fruita CO
My dad built a bairdaka with Corey a couple years ago. Unbelievably cool boat. I hung out for a couple days that they were working on them (assume you're doing yours at the center for wooden boats???) and like you said, the simplicity is unreal.Apr 7, 2011 at 4:21 pm #1721651
I'm actually just building it at Corey's house in Anacortes (He has an spectacular workshop and it's nice to see all the stumps and raw wood he's using) My girlfriend and I are going up there on the weekends and staying in his tree house. It's nice because we can just stay in the workshop as late as we want and work on whatever we can or want to.
We are both building Baidarkas. My gunnels are 15' 8" which will put my boat length at 17' 10" and my girlfriend's gunnels are at 15' which puts her boat length at 17' 2". Once we finish our boats, we'll also be making Aleut paddles. Everything is absolutely superb. Great teacher, too.
How does your dad like his Baidarka? Is your dad using an Aleut paddle? Have you taken it out?Apr 7, 2011 at 4:38 pm #1721657
@brendansLocale: Fruita CO
yeah he did an Aleut paddle as well. I've taken out a couple times on lakes but nothing too serious. I'd love to build one sometime though and do more with it.Apr 7, 2011 at 7:04 pm #1721727
see how cuben would work as a boat skin, primarily because it doesn't stretch. Folding wear would never get to be an issue. On the other hand there might be a way to make bubble wrap floats with it, just a matter of finding a way to grip the supporting tubes.
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